GLOSSARY of INTERNET TERMS

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ASCII - American Standard Code for Information Interchange ASCII Pronounced "ASK-ee" This is the system for translating the 1ís and 0ís of machine - computer language into characters which humans are familiar with. The language consists of translating the 128 characters, including upper and lower case alphabet, numbers, and other symbols which are represented by seven digit binary numbers ranging from 0000000 to 1111111.
Backbone A mechanism through which several networks are connected.
Baud Rate How quick a modem sends or receives information. (The bigger the number the faster the speed.
Bandwidth The concept that refers to the amount of data that can be channelled down a line in a given length of time. Transmission lines have a limited capacity for how much data they can handle. A standard modem (14.4 baud) transmits about 14,400 bits per second, which is approximately 1 page of text per minute. A 28.8 baud modem transmits about twice as fast.
Bit - Binary Digit A numeric value that corresponds to either a 1 or 0. These numeric values that computers can recognise because they can be associated with the states such as on/off, magnetized,/not magnetized, etc. A series of bits comprise a byte.
BPS - Bits Per Second The unit of measurement used to describe the amount of information being transmitted by a modem. To access web pages the speed must be equal to or greater than 14,000 bps to avoid excessive delay. Some surfers consider 14,000 bps to be to slow, and bps rates are increasing greatly as newer technologies, such as ADSL and cable modems, emerge.
Browser A software program that is designed to allow a viewer to view pages published on the web and jump you from site to site as you command it. Common browsers used of the web as the Netscape Navigator, and Communicator and Microsoftís Internet Explorer, but numerous others exist. To give either of the mentioned a test drive you can download from. http://www.netscape.com or http://www.microsoft.com
Bugs Similar to what you find eating your prize winning roses, bugs are "creatures" that affect software programs in the form of minor to major errors, mistakes and glitches. These software problems were given their name from the insects that were attracted to the glow of the filament used in tubes that built computers of the 1950ís - 60ís.
Byte A set of bits that represent a single character. Usually a byte contains 8 bites, but can vary depending on how the measurement is being made.
C A programming language developed at AT&T Bell laboratories. C remains the preferred language for UNIX.
CD - ROM. Compact Disc - Read Only Memory A computer readable version of the audio CD. CD-ROMs can hold up to 650MB of data, perfect to hold and distribute the large programs of today.
Chat The equivalent (computer) of a conversation (talking) via a key board.
Clickable Graphic Map A graphic in a HTML file that has had a pixel coordinate map file created for it (often called an image map). This allows the viewer to select a portion of the map and it will point/connect the viewer with a specific URL that corresponds to the portion of the map that was selected. Clickable Maps allow for graphically oriented web navigation. Keep in mind when creating such items that some web users do turn off the graphics capabilities of their browser for faster downloading, so it is important to also have text links too.
Client The end-user side of the client-server arrangement. This term typically refers to a consumer type network server service, of one kind or another. For example, a web browser is a client program that talks to Web servers to obtain resident data and transfers that data back to the user.
Client / Server A computing model involving two separate computing sides that are connected by a network. The client is on the end user side of the connection, and manages user interaction and display -input, output, and related processing. The server works elsewhere on the network and manages data intensive or shared processing activities, like serving up the collections of documents and programs that a web server typically manages.
CGI - Common Gateway Interface The specification governing how web browsers can communicate with and request services from Web servers. CGI is also the format that information is passed from browsers to servers via forms or document-based queries in HTML.
Content For HTML, content is why users access Web documents and what will keep them coming back for more. For this very reason it is critical that the information available to viewers online is fresh, innovative but most importantly is useful.
Cyber Space Services (virtual area) provided by the internet.
Dedicated Line A telephone line solely for the purpose of computerised telecommunications.
These lines can be active 24 hours a day, or periodically. The most common use for dedicated lines to provide access to an Internet service provider or use as an on call fax machine.
Default It is what a computer sets itself to automatically in a program, instructions, or whatever when no selections are being made explicitly. Defaults can be changed by the user, for example when you open your web browser for the first time daily the page that is displayed first is the default, or the font that a word processing program automatically uses with new documents.
Dial Up A connection to the Internet, or other remote computer or network, made by dialling up an access telephone number.
Domain Name The names used on the Internet as part of a distributed database system for translating computer names into physical addressed and vise versa. Domain names can remain consistent even if the server is changed. Domain names are usually what follows the @ in an email address, you@yourcompany.com, and are contained in web site URLs too.
Download The process of transferring (data) files from another computer to your own.
E-mail. - Electronic Mail E-mail is the preferred method for exchanging information between users on the Internet, and other networked systems. To utilise e-mail one does not necessarily have access to the Internet or World Wide Web.
E-mail This is short for ... Electronic Mail.
Electronic Commerce The exchange of money for goods and services via and electronic medium, in most cases this refers to Web based transactions. Companies are hoping these transactions will gain popularity as secure means of transmitting personal information, including credit cards information becomes more secure.
Emoticon An image or picture made up of characters - forming particular emotions
EG: :-))  the image is viewed mostly side ways and is used mainly within email and news group postings. (REFER TO THE SEPARATE PAGE IN THIS BOOK FOR MORE EXAMPLES)
Encryption A method - usually used on the internet for Secure Order Forms to transfer data.
F.A.Q. - Frequently Asked Questions An assembled list of questions the are asked more frequently than others, designed to assist users without other assistance. Unfortunately these efforts are often not utilised by folks as often as they could be.
Flame Nasty or abusive email - usually the result of a message posted to a board or discussion group - or replies to your unsolictored advertisements sent via e-mail.
Forum The equivalent or term used by newsgroups a place where you can post or leave email messages. (Discussion Group or Board)
FTP - File Transfer Protocol One of the languages used for uploading and downloading files from computers connected to the Internet.
Gateway The term used to describe the connecting of compatible computers - together.
Gopher A menu based search tool that is used to gather text information on a specific topic. Gophers are a text only tool.
GUI - Graphical User Interface GUIs are what make the graphical Web browsers possible; they create a visual oriented interface. This interface makes interaction with computerised information of all kinds easier, and pleasant to look at.
Home Page The introductory way to begin a presence on the World Wide Web, and a great place to begin full web site development from. Although the Internet is still in itís infancy, it has been successfully demonstrated that your home page should be updated regularly to prevent the display of stagnant information. This is especially important for the repeat visitors, stagnant information does not promote re visits, but fresh information brings visitors back again and again.
Host Any computer on a network that provides services and stores data for other companies on the network. Frequently referred to as a server.
HTTP - Hypertext Transfer Protocol This computer language sends and links web pages across the Internet.
HTML - Hypertext Markup Language The standard language/method used to write web pages and web sites on the Internet.
Hypertext A method of organising text, graphics and other types of data for computer use that lets individual data elements point to one another. It is a non linear method of organising information.
Image Map A synonym for a clickable graphic image/map that can be used by a viewer to locate a viewers selection.
Internet

The Net

The Internet is a de-centralised world wide networks of computer networks.
It contains thousands of various computer networks and is formed by the contributio~s of the computers all connected by modems, phone lines and data lines. The Internet is not a single operation owned by a company, corporation or the like.
Intranet Very similar to the Internet, in that the software and functions are used, but it is a closed network, typically used in a corporate setting and only available to itís employees or authorised users.
IP - Internet Protocol The specific networking protocol of the same name used to tie computers together over the Internet. IP is also used to refer to TCP/IP protocol suite.
IP Address A numeric address - for each computer connected to the internet.
IRC
Internet Relay Chat
Real-Time on-line chat rooms. This can be utilised through the various established chat rooms or form on of their own.
ISDN - Integrated Services Digital Network Unlike modems which converts analogue signals to digital form, ISDN uses the existing phone lines for digital transmission. This allows for faster transmission rate, of about 128 kilobits per second, which is about nine times faster than a conventional 14.4 bps modem. These lines are used mostly by business, although as installation and monthly usage prices drop and service areas expand many residential folks may choose to utilise them.
ISP - Internet Service Provider Our on-ramps to the information super highway-the Internet and World Wide Web. They operate the server computers and software users access them and away they go! Services levels vary between companies so be sure to select your ISP carefully.
Java Created by Sun Microsystems, Java in the latest and greatest programming language that allows you to download small programs, called "applets", which can then run on your computer. Applets are imbedded into web pages and download instantly, which means that a web page can perform an incredible range of functions.
Kilobyte A thousand bytes = a kilobyte
LAN - local area network Typically, one of a variety of communications technologies used to link computers together.
Logging On The process or procedure for asking permission or authorisation to connect your computer to the internet - via your ISP. (Usually via a unique user name and password)
Mail Gateway The system used for transferring e-mail messages from one computer to another.
Megabyte A measurement of data (One million bytes) to be more precise 1'048,576 bytes.
Modem A device connected to a computer and a telephone line which is used to convert digital information (data) from the computer into tones, that are then sent through the phone lines to another computer. When recieved the data is then converted back to digital information to be used by the computer.
Multimedia The combination of text, graphics, sounds and animated video within a single computer document.
Netiquette The rules of acceptable behaviour - applicable to the internet.
Netscape A company and familiar reference to their product line which includes Navigator, Communicator and the Netscape Server line. Netscape enjoys market dominance in the browser category, with mega giant Microsoft giving them a run for the lead. Netscape excelled to the top due to the advanced support of graphics and HTML documentation.
Network Two or more computers connected together so that they can share files and resources.
Newsgroup Term used to describe discussion groups found on Usenet.
Online Term commonly used to describe being connected to the Internet/World Wide Web. This term indicates that information or communications are located on, and take place in and electronic networked environment.
OS - Operating System The underlying control program on a computer that makes hardware run.
Examples include, Mac OS, MS DOS, UNIX, MS Windows, and OS/2.
Pages Generic term that usually refers to HTML documents viewed on the World Wide Web via a web browser.
Perl A programming language that draws from the capabilities of other computer languages, such as C, Pascal, and BASIC. Perl is gaining popularity with CGI programmers because it is supported by many platforms.
POP - Post Office Protocol The protocol used to retrieve and store email messages managed by ISP's
Protocol The rigid set of rules and formats that computers must follow to fully communicate with each other successfully.
Public Domain Software This is software that has no copy rights - and can be used and modified without permission or payment.
RAM - Random Access Memory The memory used in most computers to store the results of ongoing work. RAM also provides space to store the operating system and applications that are actually running at any time.
Router A piece of internetworking equipment that makes it possible to connect networks together.
Search Engine A Web program that can search for specific topics in the contents of a database of available Web pages and then report the results. Each search engine has specific features that are unique and differ by the companies that develop and release them. Examples include, Excite, Alta Vista, and WebCrawler.
Seeding Search Engines The process of registering your web site URL with a search engineís database.
This is done in hopes of attracting more visitors to the web site. See our search engine tips for additional info.
Server A computer whose job is to listen for particular service requests then respond to those requests. Web sites usually reside on servers.
Signature This refers to the text at the bottom of email messages: Name/address/phone/fax etc.
Surfing the Net Using a browser to visit the various web sites that reside on the web. Surfing the net is really like wandering through information and stopping at what sparks your interest.
TCP/IP - Transmission Control Protocol The term that refers to the suite of protocols and services used to manage network communications and applications over the Internet.
T1 Line A leased line connection that can transmit 1,544,000 bits per second. Usually used for commercial use only.
T3 Line A leased line connection that can transmit 44,736,000 bits per second. Unlike a T1 line, a T3 line is capable of full screen, full motion video transmission.
UNIX The operating system of choice for the Internet community. UNIX offers the broadest range of tools, utilities and programming libraries for Web server use, so farÖ..
URL - Universal Resource Locater URLs are the addresses of web sites. The URL is what your computer uses to locate the sites you want to access. URLs are composes of letters, numbers, dots and slashes. All URLs begin with http:// and usually take a complete form of something like this http://www.yourcompanyname.com
W3 A shortened version of WWW or the World Wide Web.
WWW

World Wide Web

A subset of the Internet that allows users to interact with the information displayed on the Internet-web sites. As a viewer the web appears as a collection of home pages and web sites, containing useful text, graphics, (pictures) video and digital movements that are navigated by way of hypertext links. These hypertext links allow access by way of jumping from one file, or file document to the next decided upon by the using the mouse to "click" or select the appropriate icon or highlighted word text.

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